You have probably heard of hyperpigmentation or experienced the troubles surrounding it. We would be sharing ways to treat or manage this common skin condition. Certainly you must have done some research and found out that it is mostly caused by Sun damage, ACNE, Injuries, hormonal changes and inflammation. Just before we dive into ways on how hyper-pigmentation can be treated let’s go through some common facts.
- Dark skinned people are more susceptible to dark spots. Since the skin is already creating lots of melanin, it is quite difficult to treat. When treating hyperpigmentation as a dark person, you are advised to go to an expert or learn from an expert to avoid hurting or irritating the skin thereby resulting to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
- Lighter skin tones are easier treated when it comes to hyperpigmentation because they have fewer limitations. They produce way less melanin which becomes an advantage for the treatment. They are however more likely to get sun burn.
- Vitamin C. This ingredient both brightens and firms the skin—while also helping to lighten pigmentation you might already have and prevent dark spots or sunspots from forming in the future. It reduces the activity of the enzyme that leads to production of pigment but also addresses the existing discoloration.
- Kojic acid. This inhibits and prevents the formation of tyrosine, decreasing melanin production, effectively lightening dark spots and hyperpigmentation.
- Arbutin. Arbutin is known for being a great skin brightener. Arbutin is a naturally occurring derivative of hydroquinone and is believed to be one of the best alternatives to hydroquinone, as it provides the skin-lightening effect of hydroquinone without some of the risks. Like kohic acid, arbutin is also an inhibitor of tyrosinase.
- Lactic acid. Naturally derived from milk but also produced naturally by your body, lactic acid gently loosens the bonds between epidermal cells to exfoliate skin’s surface. This allows for increased penetration of vitamin C. It also naturally hydrates, reducing trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL) through the stimulation of ceramides and GAGS in skin.